Author Video Guidelines
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, JBJS Case Connector, JBJS Essential Surgical Techniques, and JBJS Reviews strongly encourage the submission of videos to supplement and enhance articles. All videos will be subject to peer review. Videos must be uploaded via the Video Submissions Site. The site will provide you with Video URL(s) to enter into Editorial Manager when submitting your paper online. Detailed instructions on how to use this site can be found here.
Purpose of Video
The primary purpose of including video should be to visually demonstrate surgical technique, highlight key portions of experimental design, or provide examples of results.
- Videos should strive for production to a professional standard. Often, videos can be produced to a professional standard using readily available, consumer-grade hardware and software that does not require a professional video crew to shoot and produce.
- Video content should be understandable independent of the article text. Careful planning or "storyboarding" will significantly enhance the overall quality of the content.
- All videos require a call out in the accompanying manuscript in the same fashion as figures (e.g. "Video 1").
- All private health information or recognizable patient features should be cropped out, deleted, or "blurred out". If this is impossible or affects the purpose of the video, then written patient permission is required.
- Refrain from including proprietary institutional, industry, or other marketing information or displaying a logo on an overlay.
- Shorter, multiple video segments, shown in-line with the pertinent manuscript text, are preferable to a single, longer video that is more difficult for a viewer to navigate.
- All videos in excess of 30 seconds' duration should have an introductory text slide or "title card" that clearly states the nature and purpose of the video.
- All videos in excess of 30 seconds' duration should include clear and understandable narration. Where possible, the use of text titles can be extremely helpful as a visual guide. For example, "Step 1: Exposure".
- Whenever possible, use a tripod to stabilize the image and minimize shaking.
- The use of music should typically be avoided.
- When editing, please avoid use of transitions that employ special effects or are otherwise distracting. A simple cross-dissolve or fade is best.
- Videos that are under 30 seconds' duration should be submitted when a very specific result or finding is being demonstrated. For example, a smartphone video of a unique physical examination finding is acceptable for submission without introduction or narration.
Videos that illustrate surgical technique should meet the following requirements:
- The viewer should be oriented to the position of the patient, the laterality of the extremity and anatomic orientation. Excessive zoom should be avoided except where absolutely necessary. An initial wide-angle shot and then zooming to the site of interest is helpful.
- Careful attention should be given to ensure as clear a surgical field as possible. Liberal use of sponges and suction is encouraged. However, coordination with surgical staff should be performed to avoid crossing of hands, sponges and instruments into the field of view of the camera. Similarly, arthroscopic pump pressure may be slightly raised to reduce bleeding.
- Avoid use of white surgical gloves, as they reflect light and alter the white balance of the video. Brown or tan gloves are preferred.
- Arthroscopic video should clearly describe the location of viewing portal(s) and working portal(s).
- Use the highest resolution possible. A minimum of 640 × 480, 30 frames/second is suggested.
- In most cases, videos should be less than 5 minutes' duration.
- The maximum individual file size is 2GB.
- Do not compress video for purposes of cutting costs or ease of uploading.
- Most file formats are acceptable including: avi, mov, mp4, mpeg, mpg, or wmv.
- Video files should be named using the corresponding number of the video in the text.
- A complete description of recommended settings during recording and exporting can be found at http://tinyurl.com/bcvidup.